Exome Sequencing Identified CCER2 as a Novel Candidate Gene for Moyamoya Disease

The etiology of Moyamoya disease (MMD) is still largely unclear, despite identification of RNF213 as the most significant susceptibility gene in East Asian patients. Following up our previous study confirming genetic heterogeneity in Japanese patients with MMD, we extensively surveyed novel candidate genes for a new perspective on the etiology of this disease. Two characteristic pedigrees without susceptibility variants in RNF213 were selected for whole-exome sequencing; 1 harbored 3 affected members, and the other included discordant monozygotic twins.